Skin infections can infect any part of the skin leading to inflamed or irritated skin. Our skin protects us from infections, but any injury or rupture can give pathogens a way to enter skin and cause infection. These skin infections are distinguished into three types depending upon the causative agents.
1. Bacterial Skin Infection
Cellulitis – Cellulitis is a skin infection caused by bacteria. It appears as a swollen, red patch of the skin that feels hot and tender. The infection begins with the cut which gets infected with the bacteria. If left untreated, it can turn life-threatening.
Impetigo skin infection – Impetigo is a common bacterial skin infection in children caused by Streptococcus and Staphylococcus bacteria. . This can start with a cut or scratch. The symptoms include honey colored, rusty rash and sores that rupture discharge and become crusted. Usually affects school-aged children.
MRSA Skin infection – MRSA means Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This is caused by staphylococcus bacteria which has become resistant to antibiotics used to treat normal staph infections. They are classified as Community acquired MRSA and Hospital acquired MRSA, which is associated with invasive procedures like surgeries.
2. Fungal Skin Infection
Athletes’ foot – Athlete’s foot is a common fungal infection that causes an itchy rash on the skin between the toes. It is a contagious infection that causes stinging and burning. It usually develops in moist areas between the toes.
Ringworm – Ringworm is a fungal skin infection that can occur anywhere on the body. The symptoms include a ring like, red, scaly rash on the skin. It is medically known as Tinea and the condition is further named as per the site of infection. Despite, the name it doesn’t have to do anything with worms.
3. Viral Skin Infection
Herpes Simplex – It is caused by both Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2). This infection is categorized based on the site of the infection. The two most common forms of this infection are oral herpes, also known as cold sores or fever blisters, and Genital Herpes, commonly known as herpes